Chapter 18: AI as communicative other: critical relationality in human-AI communication
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Artificial intelligence (AI) systems increasingly occur in a variety of contexts, including as communicators. In this chapter, I explore how AI surfaces as a communicative other in human-AI relations, drawing on critical/cultural perspectives in human-machine communication. I define AI by centering communication scholarship and practice and explore how critical communication scholars can contribute to ongoing conversations related to conceptualizations of AI, the human, and their relations. After discussing critical perspectives on othering, I explicate how AI manifests as a communicative other. Drawing on rich bodies of critical scholarship such as the social-relational turn, more-than-human perspectives, and queer approaches to relationality, I offer interdisciplinary perspectives on AI and communication that center questions of power, relationality, and understanding. Ultimately, I argue for conceptualizing human-AI relations as situated relationality as part of larger networked entanglements encompassing human and artificial entities. I close the chapter with future directions.

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