Chapter 5: Welfare chauvinism across time
Restricted access

Chapter 5 investigates welfare chauvinism across time, using cross-national data from the past decades. Contrary to expectations, welfare chauvinism in Europe has significantly decreased over the past decades. At the same time, the European public has become more polarised; in some countries, welfare chauvinism has decreased, and in some, welfare chauvinism has increased. Diving into the education cleavages in more detail again, the chapter demonstrates that these cleavages have not significantly changed overall but they have changed in certain countries. In some countries, the higher educated are the main driver for a decrease in welfare chauvinism, but in some countries, the higher educated drive an increase in welfare chauvinism. Notably, economic and cultural national contexts shape educational cleavages systematically across time. These results pose another puzzle for researchers and practitioners who argue for higher education as a simple tool for liberalisation. The results from this chapter are particularly important considering the number of crises in recent decades, such as the financial crisis, refugee crisis, Covid-19, Russia’s invasion of Ukraine and the energy crisis. These crises came with increasing levels of (economic) inequality and an increasing presence of radical right parties and movements that affect everyone in society.

You are not authenticated to view the full text of this chapter or article.

Access options

Get access to the full article by using one of the access options below.

Other access options

Redeem Token

Institutional Login

Log in with Open Athens, Shibboleth, or your institutional credentials

Login via Institutional Access

Personal login

Log in with your Elgar Online account

Login with your Elgar account