Chapter 40: Geopower: genealogies, territories and politics
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This chapter traces divergent uses of geopower. It begins by distinguishing two perspectives on this concept. The first extends Michel Foucault's analysis of biopower from human populations to environments, global spaces and the earth system. This approach employs geopower to investigate ways of governing the earth, its territories, species and processes. The second draws on Gilles Deleuze's "ontology of difference" to theorize geopower as the earthly forces that generate endless permutations of life. The chapter argues that these approaches are not mutually exclusive. Providing an overview of critical engagements that connect geopower to the Anthropocene as dominant narrative of the ecological crisis, it shows how they interrogate each other, leaving room for cross-pollination. Further, complicating Eurocentric accounts of geopower, the essay turns to scholarly work that investigates the relations between geopower and colonial histories. In the process, it identifies ongoing "geopower struggles" that are helpful to reorient the concept.

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