This chapter aims to glance into the broad scope of qualitative methodology available to scholars and students interested in developing studies within the sphere of international relations. Qualitative methods are diverse, and multiple disciplines have taken advantage of their strengths. The text does not attempt to be a comprehensive guide of all research tools in the qualitative realm. Its overarching goal is to shed light on the variety of qualitative research methods to approach complex issues in the international relations field. The chapter includes sections that explain etymological and ontological assumptions that provide a foundation for qualitative methodology, general characteristics of qualitative methods, qualitative tools of data collection and analysis, validity and ethical concerns, and guidelines for writing and presenting qualitative research. The chapter's discussion is accompanied by several examples of scholarly work in international studies.
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