Chapter 37: The politics of constitutional meltdown
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This chapter on the politics of constitutional breakdown begins with the proximate political strategy for such constitutional meltdown, connoting the method used by those intent on undermining the existing constitutional order. This then leads to examination of democratic backsliding, and the ways in which an executive aggrandises power and emasculates the status quo. The focus then shifts to consideration of the underlying political imperative, with consideration of illiberal democracy and competitive authoritarianism and the ways in which they undermine the constitutional status quo. The final part of the chapter considers the second order political consequences of such meltdown, with particular focus on the effects on the EU. There is discussion of why constitutional meltdown in a Member State is important for the EU, and the techniques at its disposal for dealing with the conundrum, as well as the broader political implications for the EU of continued membership by states that espouse illiberal democracy.

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