Chapter 2: Statutory state-based pensions
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Since 1958, social security legislation has been coordinated within the European Union. It is a matter of coordination and not of harmonization. This means that in cases of cross-border employment, the European designation rules determine which national social security law is to be applied exclusively. The most important aim is to guard against discrimination on grounds of nationality in relation to entitlement to social security benefits. This necessitates some general principles such as the single applicable legislation principle, the aggregation of periods, a refined calculation method based on aggregation, equal treatment and export of benefits including the protection of acquired rights.

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