Chapter 13: The international pro-life movement
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This chapter surveys the origins of the pro-life movement in the United States and Britain in the mid-twentieth century and the spread of antiabortion movements throughout Europe, Latin America, Asia, Africa, and Australia in the late twentieth and early twenty-first centuries. Although opposition to abortion can be found in many non-Christian religions, the pro-life movement has been most closely associated with a sexually conservative Catholic and evangelical Protestant ideology that connects a defense of unborn human life with an opposition to secularism. It has therefore been frequently associated with conservative political ideologies, but it has also critiqued libertarian individualism and, in Africa, has been linked to anticolonial critiques of the West.

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