Chapter 9: Production
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Production involves using labour, tools, technologies and organisation to make the things humans want and need. With its focus on doing and making, production helps us think about the kinds of societies that people create and are created by; about their interaction with environments and resources with skill and imagination; and about the social hierarchies and power relations that are produced, reproduced or disrupted through these processes. This chapter lays out the history and key concerns of the anthropology of production. Industrial production has been a rich field for explaining how making things also means making people; this scholarship has developed anthropology's intellectual apparatus for analysing the social construction of class, race and gender. Feminist engagements with production in capitalist and non-capitalist societies emphasise the necessity of human activities to make and sustain life. This attention to life-making remains an important but neglected aspect of the anthropology of production.

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