Anthropological approaches to labour expand conceptual perspectives beyond normative outcomes of development based on production and commodification under capitalism. Rather than modelled on global expectations of full employment and mass consumption, relational and processual engagement reveals both the historical and geographical diversity in the organisation of labour. To establish more holistic and encompassing understandings of the world of work, anthropological approaches put forward alternative frameworks, for instance by integrating production and reproduction on the one hand, or interrogating the intersection of value and values on the other. Rather than categorising labour, anthropologists thereby trace the differentiations and struggles emerging around labour in the contemporary world.
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