Chapter 21: Archaeology and markets
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This chapter provides an overview of archaeological approaches to market exchange, highlighting the ways in which archaeologists employ the study of material culture to understand topics from preindustrial markets to global capitalism. The essay begins with a brief discussion of archaeological methodologies for examining past economies, including artifact analysis and sourcing studies for reconstructing exchange networks. Next, several case studies are used to highlight the diversity of archaeology's contributions to the understanding of past economies: such as markets among the Classic Maya, informal trade networks among enslaved peoples in the Americas and the development and organization of the Indian Ocean World. The chapter concludes with a discussion of future directions for the archaeology of markets.

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