Following recommendations from the National Research Council’s Committee on National Statistics (CNSTAT), the National Science Foundation’s National Center for Science and Engineering Statistics (NCSES) and the Census Bureau’s Economic Directorate collaborated on a redesign of the Survey of Industrial Research and Development. The resulting 2008 Business Research & Development and Innovation Survey (BRDIS) was sent to approximately 40 000 businesses in the United States and for the first time included questions on business innovation. This chapter briefly describes the process for redesigning the R & D survey and presents 2008 innovation findings. Comparisons are made with other countries’ Community Innovation Survey results, and possible adjustments to US findings to make them more internationally comparable are summarized.
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