Edited by Roy Ballantyne and Jan Packer
The conservation of biological diversity (biodiversity) is integral to the viability of ecotourism (Hall, 2007). Biodiversity refers to the total sum of biotic variation, ranging from the genetic level, through the species level and on to the ecosystem level (Martens, Rotmans & de Groot, 2003). Unfortunately, ‘there are multiple indications of continuing decline in biodiversity in all three of its main components – genes, species and ecosystems’ (Secretariat of the Convention on Biological Diversity, 2010, p. 9), with the continued growth in biological invasion being a significant contributor to loss of biodiversity(Gössling, 2002; Gössling & Hall, 2006; Hall, 2010a, 2011a; Secretariat of the Convention on Biological Diversity, 2010, p. 9).Compared to other environmental problems, invasive species present at least six particular management and policy challenges (after Keller, Geist, Jeschke & Khün,2011).
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