Elgar Companion to Sustainable Cities
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Elgar Companion to Sustainable Cities

Strategies, Methods and Outlook

Edited by Daniel A. Mazmanian and Hilda Blanco

Against a backdrop of unprecedented levels of urbanization, 21st century cities across the globe share concerns for the challenges they face. This Companion provides a framework for understanding the city as a critical building block for a more sustainable future within broader subnational, national and continental contexts, and ultimately, within a global systems context. It discusses the sustainable strategies being devised, as well as the methods and tools for achieving them. Examples of social, economic, political and environmental sustainable policy strategies are presented and the extent to which they actually increase sustainability is analyzed.
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Chapter 10: From information provision to participatory deliberation: engaging residents in the transition toward sustainable cities

Michaela Zint and Kimberly S. Wolske


Among the many challenges cities face in transitioning toward sustainability is the question of how to involve local residents. Achieving urban sustainability goals will require not only broad political support (Carvalho and Peterson 2012), but also changes in residents’ consumption and lifestyle choices (Dietz et al. 2009). This chapter explores how cities can actively engage their residents in meeting these goals. Borrowing from others, we define engagement to mean a ‘personal state of connection’ in which individuals are not only aware of sustainability issues, but are concerned, motivated and able to take appropriate actions (Lorenzoni et al. 2007; Whitmarsh et al. 2011). Cities are experimenting with a variety of strategies to foster citizen engagement. These can include communication and education efforts aimed at raising awareness and knowledge of sustainability challenges; behavior change interventions that encourage residents to make more sustainable choices in their personal lives; and participatory approaches that involve residents in the visioning, planning and implementation of sustainability initiatives. Because cities are employing all these strategies for the purpose of engaging target audiences, we will refer to them collectively as ‘engagement strategies’ in the remainder of this chapter.

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