Research Handbook on International Energy Law
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Research Handbook on International Energy Law

Edited by Kim Talus

International energy law is an elusive but important concept. There is no body of law called ‘international energy law’, nor is there any universally accepted definition for it, yet many specialised areas of international law have a direct relationship with energy policy. The Research Handbook on International Energy Law examines various aspects of international energy law and offers a comprehensive account of its basic concepts and processes.
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Chapter 10: The role of the Court of Justice of the European Union in the energy market liberalization

Sirja-Leena Penttinen


The opening-up of the European energy market has begun relatively late given its vital role in general. Energy is considered to be such a sensitive sector, economically and politically, that during the upheavals in Europe and following the EU's internal difficulties, especially in relation to the decision-making procedure, there was no willingness to tackle such a politically charged area as energy. For this reason, European energy markets remained divided by national borders and Member States' energy needs were largely met by monopolies they either owned or controlled. Gradually, the focus on energy started to increase. At first, the energy sector was tackled by primary provisions on internal market law and competition law.

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