Chapter 4: A longitudinal perspective on research and innovation in Belgium
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This chapter aims to discuss the innovation performance of firms located in Belgium by using three successive waves of the Community Innovation Survey (CIS) for Belgium. Since the data in each wave are representative for the full population of firms employing at least ten people, both in terms of firm size distribution, sector of activity and region, the data allow us to compare firms’ innovative performance over time and across regions and sectors. As will be discussed in greater detail below, the CIS data are part of a harmonized framework, coordinated by Eurostat. The survey has been sent out every two to four years since the mid-1990s. The representative nature of the data allows us to compare the innovative performance of firms in different regions and sectors and with different ownership status. Apart from data on firms’ innovative performance (for example product and process innovation), the data contain information on a number of other firm-level characteristics, such as group membership, innovation funding, innovative inputs (R & D), cooperation and knowledge sources that can be accessed by firms.

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