The last decade has seen a dramatic rise in the number and status of entrepreneurship programmes in universities across North America, Europe, South America and Asia. The popularity of entrepreneurship courses at universities has increased dramatically among both graduate and undergraduate students, especially those located in the management and business schools. In North America, university alumni, local benefactors and state legislators not only provided additional resources earmarked for research but were also supportive of the development of entrepreneurship programmes over the last decades. In fact, in many instances it has been the demands of these constituencies that have led to the creation or expansion of entrepreneurship programmes within these schools. In Europe, with less of a tradition of private universities, fundraising and alumni involvement in the universityís policy, national or regional governments took the lead to promote and support the development of entrepreneurship education within universities and colleges through applying a variety of policy instruments (NIRAS et al., 2008). This chapter addresses the politics that have put the concept of the entrepreneurial university and the promotion of entrepreneurialism on the agenda of one particular university, namely Wageningen University and Research Centre (and its associated Higher Education Institutions) through the development of a new collaborative teaching and extension programme. Also in the Netherlands it was recognized that stimulation of entrepreneurship at universities was needed to guarantee economic growth in the future.
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