Show Less

Studies in Applied Geography and Spatial Analysis

Addressing Real World Issues

Edited by Robert Stimson and Kingsley E. Haynes

This timely and fascinating book illustrates how applied geography can contribute in a multitude of ways to assist policy processes, evaluate public programs, enhance business decisions, and contribute to formulating solutions for community-level problems.
Buy Book in Print
Show Summary Details
You do not have access to this content

Chapter 21: Hydropower in Chilean Patagonia: evaluating socio-economic conditions for resettlement and/or compensation of rural inhabitants

Frederico Arenas and Pablo Osses McIntyre


Chilean economic development is facing structural challenges that can be addressed from an applied geography perspective. An important aspect is the electric power generation and distribution complex. Hydropower is a preferred carbon-neutral alternative source to fossil fuels. But there is a lack of policy for land use that would allow strategic decision-making that integrates land use and environmental factors. A number of hydropower investment projects are planned for Chilean Patagonia. Because of the nature of the dam generation system, when large areas are flooded, people living in surrounding areas may be affected. Chilean law requires an environmental assessment study for big investment projects with the report presented to the ministries responsible for environmental approval. To do that, a baseline of the impacted area needs be establish the pre-project conditions This chapter refers to a project proposed by the HidroAysen company which contracted the Institute of Geography at the Pontifical Catholic University of Chile as a consultant to build the baseline, and in particular to evaluate the territory to be affected in terms of land productivity (the area is mainly agricultural) and settlement conditions, and thus to define the compensation for the inhabitants. A feature of the Patagonian region is its heterogeneity in terms of morphology, available resources and life systems, and consequently production capacity is generally variable. As an example, a soil class I hectare of land will not produce the same amount of apples as a hectare of soil class V under the same other environmental conditions, and as a result, 2 acres of land are not necessarily able to disburse the same economic benefit to their respective owners or managers of production.

You are not authenticated to view the full text of this chapter or article.

Elgaronline requires a subscription or purchase to access the full text of books or journals. Please login through your library system or with your personal username and password on the homepage.

Non-subscribers can freely search the site, view abstracts/ extracts and download selected front matter and introductory chapters for personal use.

Your library may not have purchased all subject areas. If you are authenticated and think you should have access to this title, please contact your librarian.

Further information

or login to access all content.