Chapter 10: Work–life integration and its benefits
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It is no secret that demands both at home and at work have proliferated and become increasingly onerous for employees over the past several decades. A greater proportion of women are working in addition to taking care of domestic responsibilities (e.g., Barnett and Hyde, 2001; Poelmans et al., 2008), suggesting that many women (as well as men) ascribe high importance to both work and family roles (i.e., ‘dual’ profile; Cinamon and Rich, 2002a; also as discussed in Greenhaus and Parasuraman, 1999). Moreover, for middle-aged couples, eldercare is becoming a major stressor, and this phenomenon is projected to increase in the coming decades (see Baltes and Young, 2007). Hours worked per week have increased steadily in the United States and other Westernized societies, and the proliferation of technology (e.g., wireless technologies and portable electronic tools; Hill et al., 1998) has made both work- and family-related demands more immediately accessible (especially for working professionals), leading to an experience that makes demands from both domains seemingly omnipresent and salient (Kossek et al., 2005; Shumate and Fulk, 2004).

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