Current Issues in International Entrepreneurship
Show Less

Current Issues in International Entrepreneurship

Edited by Hamid Etemad, Tage Koed Madsen, Erik S. Rasmussen and Per Servais

The young field of international entrepreneurship is rapidly expanding in scope and complexity, as increasingly more companies across the world compete to gain a larger global market share and attract consumers both at home and abroad. This book, the fifth volume in the McGill International Entrepreneurship series, brings together 29 scholars and practitioners to explore the contemporary issues, evolving relations and dynamic forces that are shaping the new emerging entrepreneurial system in international markets. It examines entrepreneurial efforts and relations in many firms embedded in and constrained by different national and corporate cultures of their own and offers expert recommendations for further research, better managerial practice and more effective public policy approaches.
Buy Book in Print
Show Summary Details
You do not have access to this content

Chapter 9: The role of female- and male-specific traits in entrepreneurial activities

Maryam Khaleghy Baygy, Mohamad Ehsan HajSamadi and Ali Eghtesadi


Scholars in entrepreneurship have lent great value by exploring the factors that explain entrepreneurial activity (Thornton et al. 2011). Researchers have identified specific underlying factors that motivate or encourage entrepreneurial activities (Mueller and Conway Date-On 2008). These factors can be divided into two basic groups, contextual and personal factors. Contextual factors are defined as those elements outside the control of the entrepreneur that will influence success or failure (Austin et al. 2006). Some examples of contextual factors that may influence entrepreneurial activity are separated into general economic factors, political factors (that is, laws and policies), social factors and cultural factors (Shane et al. 1991; Boyd and Vozikis 1994; Mueller et al. 2002; Khaleghy et al. 2010a). Personal factors are defined as those elements inside the control of the entrepreneur that will influence success or failure and they involve one person, such as genetics or upbringing (Chacha 2011). Empirical studies generally support the existence of a relationship between personal factors and intentions to become an entrepreneur (Sexton and Bowman-Upton 1990; Krueger 1993; Kolvereid 1996; Envick and Langford 2003, McGee et al. 2009).

You are not authenticated to view the full text of this chapter or article.

Elgaronline requires a subscription or purchase to access the full text of books or journals. Please login through your library system or with your personal username and password on the homepage.

Non-subscribers can freely search the site, view abstracts/ extracts and download selected front matter and introductory chapters for personal use.

Your library may not have purchased all subject areas. If you are authenticated and think you should have access to this title, please contact your librarian.

Further information

or login to access all content.