Chapter 26: Measuring the intra-household distribution of wealth in Ecuador: qualitative insights and quantitative outcomes
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This chapter reports on a study that aimed to measure the intra-household distribution of wealth following a mixed methods approach. The first phase was dedicated to qualitative field research – including focus groups, interviews with key informants, and a study of assets markets – followed by a representative household asset survey in order to collect information on individual-level asset ownership. One of the main insights from the qualitative fieldwork was with respect to whom should be interviewed in the survey. Given the gender division of labor and men’s and women’s different experiences with asset markets as well as sources of information, we expected that the most reliable estimates of asset values might be obtained by interviewing a couple together, whenever possible. Data triangulation shows that the joint interviews probably improved the reliability of our estimates of housing and land values by reducing the tendency to guess when there were in fact missing markets or a person really did not know the answer. We had also expected that interviewing a couple together would improve the estimates by allowing them to reach a consensus on the potential asset value. The quantitative findings of a tendency toward men overvaluing and/or women undervaluing their dwelling thus conforms to this insight. We find evidence that the valuation of potential asset sales prices is likely to depend on the gender of the respondent, whether a couple are interviewed separately or together, and whether they are located in an urban or rural locale.

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