Research Handbook on Human Rights and Investment
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Research Handbook on Human Rights and Investment

Edited by Yannick Radi

The interplay between human rights and investments is a key and complex issue in today’s world. To take stock of this importance and to tackle this complexity, this Research Handbook offers a unique multi-faceted approach. It gathers in-depth contributions which focus on the interplay between human rights and investments in various international legal regimes, economic sectors and regions. It also provides thorough analyses of the various types of accountability that may result from the activities of multinational corporations in relation to human rights. This Research Handbook is intended for practitioners, policy-makers, academics and students eager to understand the interaction between human rights and investments in all its dimensions.​
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Chapter 11: Extractive industry investments and human rights

Jacky Mandelbaum and Jennifer Loutit


Investments in the extractive industries are large scale, long term and bring in large rents. They can have a transformative impact on the citizens of the host country, with the potential to be translated into sustainable development. However, they too often become a source of corruption, cause significant environmental disturbance, require huge amounts of water and energy, place workers in some of the most risky workplaces, and cause social degradation. The effect on human rights and local communities is significant. This chapter examines the underlying issues that trigger human rights impacts, the initiatives that have been developed to overcome them and how stakeholders are engaging with the important questions. It looks at the overarching issue of the governance of extractive industry investments, as well as the particular areas where human rights abuses most often occur, including artisanal and small-scale mining, resettlement, security and labour. Finally, the chapter considers more closely the affected communities and how their rights may be better taken into account.

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