Chapter 6: Towards a functional classification of standards for innovation research
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This chapter seeks to define a functional classification that distinguishes between different kinds of standards in order to understand in more detail the different effects of standards on processes of innovation and diffusion. Analysis of relevant standards classifications already in the literature shows rough consensus among a variety of authors as to what these basic functions are, but contains many inconsistencies and omissions. The authors draw up a new classification of primary and secondary functions and test its applicability for innovation research. The effects of innovation as identified in academic and standards practitioner literature are sorted according to these functions, and explore the implications for possible new avenues of innovation research.

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