Chapter 20: Standardization, innovation and reality: matching theory and practice
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Standardization and innovation are often thought of in a strict technical confine. However, because standards and standardization processes are also policy, legal and marketing tools, it is necessary to look at the idea of innovation through a much larger lens. The utility of standardization derives from its application in the market, not from an accumulation of specifications. This chapter examines standardization and standards as they are used and managed by businesses, countries, lawyers, policy makers and even technologists, both as a force to stabilize and to cause innovation. It is this use of standardization _ in a vital and chaotic environment _ that makes the study of standardization both frustrating and intriguing, and justifies it as a true cross-disciplinary subject.

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