Youth, Diversity and Employment
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Youth, Diversity and Employment

Comparative Perspectives on Labour Market Policies

Edited by Rune Halvorsen and Bjørn Hvinden

Including youth in the labour market is a major challenge facing many European countries. This book examines the transitions from education to employment with a focus on Nordic youth in the broader European context. The book combines insights from the social sciences and law by linking the challenges facing young people in general and the more specific barriers facing the more vulnerable groups of young people. Youth, Diversity and Employment provides original insights on the interdependencies or interaction between redistributive and regulatory social policies.
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Chapter 2: Young people at risk: School dropout and labour market exclusion in the Nordic countries

Christer Hyggen, Lidija Kolouh-Söderlund, Terje Olsen and Jenny Tägtström


This chapter examines the situation for young adults in the Nordic countries in education and in the labour market. The authors identify the risk factors for school dropout, unemployment and NEET (not in employment, education or training). After discussing the impact of gender, minority ethnic status, disability and health conditions, the chapter further synthesizes evaluations of the Nordic tradition for Youth Guarantees, and reforms in the education system and active labour market policy measures aimed at reducing the risk of exclusion of young adults from the labour market. Previous research has, however, provided limited knowledge about the effectiveness of the different policy measures. The authors conclude by calling for more differentiated and nuanced outcome measures to improve the quality of future policy evaluations.

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