Innovation and Entrepreneurship in the Global Economy
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Innovation and Entrepreneurship in the Global Economy

Knowledge, Technology and Internationalization

Edited by Charlie Karlsson, Urban Gråsjö and Sofia Wixe

Innovation and entrepreneurship are the prime drivers in the global economy. This scholarly book identifies some of the key forces behind innovation and entrepreneurship at the same time as it closes the gap between science and technology R & D, innovation, entrepreneurship, productivity growth, and internationalization. The expert contributions explore the underlying forces and add substantial theoretical and empirical knowledge to the current state-of-the-art in several research fields including the economics of innovation and entrepreneurship, regional economics, economic geography and international economics.
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Chapter 8: Immigrant entrepreneurship and agglomeration in high-tech industries in the USA

Cathy Yang Liu, Gary Painter and Qingfang Wang


Immigrants’ participation in high-tech industries as both workers and business owners has increased steadily since 2000, at a faster rate than that of their US-born counterparts. Immigrant-owned high-tech businesses are more concentrated in a limited number of industries, such as computer sciences and medical and pharmaceutical-related fields. While the largest immigrant gateways account for a dominant share of all immigrant high-tech entrepreneurs in the country in 2011, new immigrant destinations in the South and West have seen significant increase of immigrants in high-tech industries. For both immigrants and the US-born, a higher number of high-tech businesses is positively associated with regional labor markets that have an overall higher percentage of high-tech industries. At the same time, higher ethnic diversity and a larger share of the foreign-born population are crucial factors in attracting or fostering immigrant high-tech entrepreneurship at the metropolitan level.

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