Handbook of Employee Commitment
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Handbook of Employee Commitment

Edited by John P. Meyer

A high level of employee commitment holds particular value for organizations owing to its impact on organizational effectiveness and employee well-being. This Handbook provides an up-to-date review of theory and research pertaining to employee commitment in the workplace, outlining its value for both employers and employees and identifying key factors in its development, maintenance or decline. Including chapters from leading theorists and researchers from around the world, this Handbook presents cumulated and cutting-edge research exploring what commitment is, the different forms it can take, and how it is distinct from related concepts such as employee engagement, work motivation, embeddedness, the psychological contract, and organizational identification.
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Chapter 26: Understanding commitment across cultures: an overview

S. Arzu Wasti


The purpose of this chapter is to critically evaluate the cross-cultural generalizability of commitment theories developed in North America. While the issues raised are expected to apply to various conceptualizations of commitment, the three-component model (TCM) is chosen as the reference model due to its prevalence both in the mainstream and cross-cultural commitment literatures. Next, the chapter attempts to provide a theoretical and methodological roadmap for future research on commitment in different contexts. To this end, the recent discussions in cross-cultural psychology on the utility and limitations of the extant value frameworks and approaches to defining culture at the individual level as well as in multilevel frameworks are summarized. The chapter ends with basic guidelines for sampling and instrumentation in cross-cultural research as well as a call for indigenous studies of commitment.

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