Research Handbook on Small Business Social Responsibility
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Research Handbook on Small Business Social Responsibility

Global Perspectives

Edited by Laura J. Spence, Jedrzej G. Frynas, Judy N. Muthuri and Jyoti Navare

The vast majority of businesses globally are small. If business is to be socially responsible, we need to go beyond the westernised concept of 'Corporate Social Responsibility', to develop 'Small Business Social Responsibility'. This agenda-setting Research Handbook on Small Business Social Responsibility includes leading research from around the world, including developed and developing country contexts. It provides a foundation for the further development of small business social responsibility as a scholarly subject and crucially important practice and policy field.
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Chapter 11: Exploring the global potential of social entrepreneurship and small business social responsibility for tackling societal value creation

Anica Zeyen and Markus Beckmann


Small business social responsibility (SBSR) and social entrepreneurship (SE) are two concepts that address societal value creation by small and medium sized organizations. This chapter takes the inherent hybridity of both forms as a starting point to ask where differences lie and which roles these concepts play for society across the globe. We argue that SE in developed countries complements welfare state organizations and serves as a societal R & D department, whereas it tends to substitute welfare state organizations in developing nations. Similarly, SBSR in developed nations has a greater focus on efficiency and ‘no harm’, whereas it places more emphasis on providing public goods in developing nations. We take this finding as a basis to argue for a greater integration of these four strands of research. In doing so, we identify four main insights which include the acknowledgement of multiple layers of hybridity, the integration of an agentic and contextual perspective, the importance of integrating societal impact with internal sustainability, as well as the understanding of when and how cooperation and networks work best for social value creation.

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