Handbook of Teaching and Learning in Tourism
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Handbook of Teaching and Learning in Tourism

Edited by Pierre Benckendorff and Anita Zehrer

This comprehensive Handbook provides an international perspective on contemporary issues and future directions in teaching and learning in tourism. Key topics include assurance of learning, development of skills, learning in the field, work integrated learning, sustainability and critical studies, internationalisation, technology enabled learning, links between teaching and research, and graduate student supervision. Within these topics attention is devoted to the discussion of curriculum, pedagogy, assessment, students, educators and trends and issues. The Handbook provides a valuable resource for understanding teaching and learning theory and practice in tourism.
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Chapter 11: Massive Open Online Courses (MOOCs) in hospitality and tourism

Jamie Murphy, Nadzeya Kalbaska, Lorenzo Cantoni, Laurel Horton-Tognazzini, Peter Ryan and Alan Williams


Empowering and commoditizing, with predicted educational outcomes ranging from a utopian to a dystopian future, the media and academia are making sweeping generalizations about Massive Open Online Courses (MOOCs). Such hyperbole about innovations is common, and often misguided. Historically, online learning pedagogy began with cognitive-behaviorist approaches followed by social learning, connectivism and community learning. The chapter’s discussion of MOOC pedagogy, success measures, types and categorizations and an online learning continuum should prove useful for educators and administrators considering MOOC initiatives or research. This chapter helps ground the hyperbole, reviewing MOOCs as the latest _ not the last _ in a long line of distance learning innovations, and positioning MOOCs as one of four proposed categories of online learning. The study has a strong educational focus, exemplified by differences between the two main MOOC pedagogies, extended (xMOOC) and connectivist (cMOOC), and MOOCs’ abysmal completion rates. Educators, administrators and industry should also benefit from discussion of a major MOOC unknown: viable business models. Although there are no proven or definitive models, MOOCs offer exciting opportunities to explore new and innovative education delivery. The chapter does, however, suggest a few strategies for implementing MOOCs and ways to measure MOOC success. Due in part to the newness of MOOCs and the small discipline size, the few existing hospitality and tourism examples is a limitation of this chapter. Regardless, the universality of distance learning and MOOCs extends to hospitality and tourism.

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