The chapter by Bradshaw is about child benefits – cash transfers that the state makes in respect of children. Bradshaw reviews their original purposes and the recent outbreak of advocacy on their behalf by international organisations. Despite this, in rich countries they are very variable and in poor countries they still hardly exist. The author analyses the impact of child benefits packages on net income in rich countries using model family methods. Bradshaw also discusses other evidence in favour of child benefits including their influence on fertility and the purchasing power of mothers. Objections to child benefits are discussed and it is concluded that no country should be without a mechanism for transferring resources to families with children.
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