High levels of job insecurity persist in the aftermath of the recent global economic crisis. In this chapter, we summarize the current state of the literature by reviewing causes and consequences of job insecurity; potential mediating variables that serve as explanatory mechanisms for the numerous adverse effects of job insecurity on employee well-being; and moderating variables that impose boundary conditions on these adverse effects and suggest possible points of intervention at the individual, organizational, and sociocultural levels. We conclude our chapter by considering emerging research agendas and offering suggestions for future research directions.
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