The chapter discusses the precarious and adverse working conditions of farmers and small-scale miners in today’s world of work. This is the vulnerable working population in many parts of the developing world that calls for broader institutional arrangement on protecting their health and safety, and to ensure the very basic decency of work. It is argued in the chapter that the agriculture and mining sectors are among the biggest revenue-generating economic activities in the world and in the Philippines, yet, it is ironic that their work rights and rights for healthful and safe work are not protected. Hence, there is an urgent need to focus on the farmers’ and miners’ occupational health and safety, and that their work in agriculture or mining adds value to their lives and well-being, and does not, on the contrary, end their life as a consequence of a serious work-related accident, or chronic occupational illness from handling dangerous chemicals.
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