This chapter looks at the intersection of the legal and operational parameters in which military operations are deployed under the EU’s Common Security and Defence Policy (CSDP). To this end, the chapter focuses on the challenges related to ‘mission creep’ and the flexibility of operational objectives, to the financial and legal aspects of deployment and to how geopolitical and strategic shifts affect military deployments under an EU banner. After an overview of the institutional architecture involved in deploying EU military operations, the chapter analyses case studies such as EUNAVFOR Operation Sophia, the EU’s military training missions and new initiatives such as the Coordinated Annual Review on Defence and Permanent Structured Cooperation. The chapter concludes by considering the broader strategic dynamics that currently affect EU military operations.
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