Entrepreneurial Process and Social Networks
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Entrepreneurial Process and Social Networks

A Dynamic Perspective

Edited by Alain Fayolle, Sarah L. Jack, Wadid Lamine and Didier Chabaud

Entrepreneurship is undoubtedly a social process and creating a firm requires both the mobilization of social networks and the use of social capital. This book addresses the gap that exists between the need to take these factors into consideration and the understanding of how network relationships are developed and transformed across the venturing process.
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Chapter 8: The competitiveness of entrepreneurial firms from a network perspective

Christian Lechner


This chapter investigates the competitiveness of entrepreneurial firms from a network perspective. Firm competitiveness can not sufficiently be explained by extracting a firm from its context as if it were an island. Firm networks, on both an individual (ego-networks) and global (regional or full networks) level, contribute to a better understanding of firm competitiveness. The chapter explores how network advantage is generated on a regional level and how differential competitiveness is a function of public and private benefits accruing to firms embedded in regional networks. As a consequence, it is proposed that competitiveness research benefits from adopting a relational view. This extends the sources of competitiveness for a firm by studying influences of aggregated constructs (regions, nations) on a firm’s competitiveness, by analyzing the effects of firm competitiveness for aggregated constructs and by adopting a contingency view for network effects that includes space and time.

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