With the long-established diaspora and high level of participation of its nationals in contemporary international migration flows, Ukraine is a fertile case study for examining the effects of globalisation on migration. Drawing on the existing research, the authors look at which Ukrainians have been more prone to engage in international labour migration since the 1990s, and under what conditions. The chapter highlights both structural conditions and individual motivations of Ukrainian migration abroad that account for why it has exhibited movements that are both east (i.e., to Russia and the CIS countries) and west oriented (to Europe and North America). The chapter reviews the effects of labour migration on Ukrainian society. It also examines the knowledge we have about the internal displacement of Ukrainian populations since the annexation of Crimea by the Russian Federation in March 2014 and the eruption of military action in the Donbas (the Donetsk and Luhansk regions), and the effects of these events on migratory movements within and outside Ukraine.
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