The chapter discusses the concept of climate change refugees. Interest in who may move, where to, under what conditions and with what consequences in a world affected by climate change is substantial. The concept is nevertheless controversial, as its merits are easily challenged on methodological, legal, political or other grounds. The chapter discusses these challenges in relation to three prominent debates: how many people may move; how to conceptualise those who move; and how to respond to those who move. The complexities inherent to quantitatively determining who may move are highlighted, and the sometimes overly deterministic nature of naming and framing those who move is presented. The chapter then discusses the various response frameworks to address people movement in the climate change context. It concludes that much depends on how the issue is framed, as a matter of adaptation, protection or justice. As a result, a fractured response framework has materialised, which may or may not converge in future.
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