Abuse of Dominance in EU Competition Law
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Abuse of Dominance in EU Competition Law

Emerging Trends

Edited by Pier L. Parcu, Giorgio Monti and Marco Botta

Granting rebates to a customer or refusing to supply a competitor are examples of ordinary commercial practices, which become ‘abusive’ under Article 102 of the Treaty on the Functioning of the EU (TFEU) when carried out by ‘dominant’ firms. This topical book provides an up-to-date account of the emerging trends in the enforcement and interpretation of this provision at both the EU and national level.
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Chapter 2: The role of intent in the assessment of conduct under Article 102 TFEU

Pier Luigi Parcu and Maria Luisa Stasi


This chapter analyses the role that intent plays or should play in the assessment of abusive conduct. In a phase where the European Commission and the European Courts appear to focus more and more on an effects-based approach, we consider whether due consideration should be also taken of the subjective element of the infringers’ behaviour. After analysis of the most recent European case law, with the objective to identify common trends and/or divergences, we discuss a number of procedural aspects that enforcers have to cope with while dealing with the subjective element. Finally, we briefly debate about the impact that the massive diffusion of algorithms and other automated machines can have on the role played by intent. Keywords: intent; objective abuse; CJEU; artificial intelligence

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