Community development programmes (CDPs) form a crucial part of social policy and overall development. By discussing the origin and meaning of ‘community development’ in historical and contemporary contexts, this chapter looks at basic strategies of and for CDPs, and a range of CDPs developed and implemented to facilitate socio-economic and political development of people and their communities in both (Western) developed and developing countries. Further, it summarizes the main strengths of and critique on CDPs. It argues that implementing CDPs according to values and principles is yet to be achieved, but there is great potential to do so, now and in the future.
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