Chapter 8: Recovery of costs for water uses at the different levels of water law
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This chapter discusses how the principle of cost recovery is reflected in international, EU and Finnish water law. The key questions are: 1) What kind of legal requirements are set for the recovery of costs for water uses at different levels of law? and 2) What kind of measures must be taken to meet those requirements? The manifestations of the principle of cost recovery for water uses differ significantly at the international, EU and Finnish levels of water law. International law does not recognize such a principle and Finnish law relates it to water and wastewater services, but the EU Water Framework Directive requires water pricing to recover the financial, environmental and resource costs for a wide range of water uses including own uses. Despite its shortcomings, the broad water pricing obligation of the Water Framework Directive represents the first serious attempt to implement the polluter pays principle in Finnish water policies. Keywords: Chapter 8 (Belinskij): Cost recovery, UN Watercourses Convention, ECE Water Convention, EU Water Framework Directive, water services, Finnish system

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