This chapter focuses on adaptation policy specifically as it pertains to Pacific small island developing states (SIDS) that are often identified as being particularly vulnerable to climate change. The chapter explores the role of social and political institutions in adaptation policy development and implementation and the kinds of conceptualizations, which are used about the SIDS in global climate adaptation discourse. Of particular interest is how the unique social and political structures of small islands combined with the perceive urgency of climate risks influences the adaptation policy and planning discussions. It sets out the underpinnings of postcolonialism and explains how such theorizing can increase the depth of understandings in regards to climate adaptation policy development and practice with a focus on the Pacific SIDS. The authors share several examples of how adaptation policy processes currently fail to include the socio-cultural contexts of Pacific nations, and suggest key research and policy directions which could build on a more inclusive and holistic view of Pacific SIDS.
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