Chapter 25: China: the ‘red-black nexus’, organised crime and politics
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This chapter outlines the changing nature of Chinese organised crime and explores its relationship with the state. It draws on recently published and ongoing research in China published in English and Chinese. It argues that in China the term ‘organised crime’ is not recognised by the statein the same way as it is in the west and that there are culturally specific practices such as guanxi, which intertwine and blur the relationship between criminality (black) and the state (red). This interaction between criminal and state actors is what the authors describe as the ‘Red/Black Nexus’. It concludes that the state can and is making a difference in combating the influence of organised crime, but that this influence is limited.

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