Handbook of Terrorism and Counter Terrorism Post 9/11
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Handbook of Terrorism and Counter Terrorism Post 9/11

Edited by David Martin Jones, Paul Schulte, Carl Ungerer and M. L.R. Smith

Almost two decades after the events of 9/11, this Handbook offers a comprehensive insight into the evolution and development of terrorism and insurgency since then. Gathering contributions from a broad range of perspectives, it both identifies new technological developments in terrorism and insurgency, and addresses the distinct state responses to the threat of political, or religiously motivated violence; not only in the Middle East and Europe, but also in Africa, South and Southeast Asia, and North and South America.
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Chapter 14: A minor issue? Trajectories of Islamic States underage members

Gina Vale


This chapter will analyse the circumstances and drivers of minors who became affiliated with Islamic State (IS); their prescribed roles inside the group’s territory; and their trajectories after the caliphate’s collapse. This chapter’s research draws from an original dataset of global figures for minors and total populations that travelled to (or were born into) IS territory in Iraq and Syria and those that returned. Triangulated across three web-based search engines, approximately 90 500 government documents, academic and institutional publications, and credible media reports published between April 2013 and June 2018 were reviewed. The final 283 data points from 80 countries provide the first global dataset of its kind to map the scale and scope of foreign individuals who became affiliated with IS in Iraq and Syria, with full delineation for minors.

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