Gender, Science and Innovation
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Gender, Science and Innovation

New Perspectives

Edited by Helen Lawton Smith, Colette Henry, Henry Etzkowitz and Alexandra Poulovassilis

Gender, Science and Innovation explores the contemporary challenges facing women scientists in academia and develops effective strategies to improve gender equality. Addressing an important gap in current knowledge, chapters offer a range of international perspectives from diverse contexts, countries and institutional settings. This book is an essential contribution to the literature for academics, researchers and policy makers concerned with improving gender equality in academia and seeking to learn from the experiences of others.
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Chapter 14: Gender diversity in R & D teams and its impact on firm openness

Lisa Messina, Gary Chapman and Nola Hewitt-Dundas


‘Open innovation’ is increasingly regarded as an important driver of high-technology new ventures’ innovation performance. Given the considerable benefits of openness, this has motivated interest in understanding the determinants of firms’ open innovation activities. While much insight has been gained on the relationship between internal research and development (R & D) and firm openness, it is still unclear how the characteristics of the R & D team, specifically its gender composition, affect openness. Using a 13-year longitudinal panel of Spanish manufacturing firms, this chapter examines whether the gender composition of R & D teams has an effect on the extent to which firms engage in open innovation.

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