‘Open innovation’ is increasingly regarded as an important driver of high-technology new ventures’ innovation performance. Given the considerable benefits of openness, this has motivated interest in understanding the determinants of firms’ open innovation activities. While much insight has been gained on the relationship between internal research and development (R & D) and firm openness, it is still unclear how the characteristics of the R & D team, specifically its gender composition, affect openness. Using a 13-year longitudinal panel of Spanish manufacturing firms, this chapter examines whether the gender composition of R & D teams has an effect on the extent to which firms engage in open innovation.
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