Religion is increasingly becoming a core element within constitution-making processes. While in some countries it has not been a contentious issue, in many others religion has been an extremely complicated and sensitive topic. In extreme circumstances, conflict over religion has even played a role in preventing the adoption of a constitution. This chapter examines the role of religion in post-Second World War constitution-making processes from a comparative perspective. In particular, it first looks at the actors that most commonly contribute to shaping the content of constitutional provisions concerning religion during these processes. It then analyzes the factors that often influence the issue of religion in constitution-drafting processes; and finally it discusses the most contentious issues that usually emerge during debates within constituent bodies.
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