Subnational constitutions, which are found in a number of federal systems, have attracted increasing scholarly interest. This chapter summarizes leading research in this area and identifies questions calling for additional inquiry, with a focus on three issues. First, significant progress has been made in mapping the legal dimensions of subnational constitutions and their interaction with national constitutions, but a better understanding is needed of the politics of subnational constitutions and the ways they play a meaningful part in governing. Second, scholars would benefit from additional inquiry into whether subnational constitutions can help accommodate ethnic or national pluralism, in view of recent efforts to craft subnational constitutions for this purpose. Additionally, scholars in this subfield should continue to pursue questions of general interest to comparative constitutional scholars, by benefiting from the opportunities and data that subnational constitutions provide for assessing the effects of choices regarding constitutional and institutional design.
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