Chapter 2: Rights for women, migrants and minorities: Consensus and silences in the European Parliament
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The chapter explains the tensions and divergent stances that have ensued in the European Parliament (EP) regarding intra-EU mobility and third-country immigration from a gender perspective. The EP-level consensus in relation to migration, mobility, and social rights is to some extent built on silences regarding potential implementation challenges, due to wide Member State differences in welfare and migration regimes, as well as labour market and care arrangement models. Thus, Member State resistance to EU intervention in social policies, and the challenges of portable social security rights, as well as debates on welfare tourism and welfare chauvinism, are left largely untouched. Major obstacles to mobility are identified, but the clash between mobility and social rights is not substantially addressed in EP policies and debates. By emphasizing dynamics of contestation, consensus and silences, we seek to shed light on possibilities and limitations of the role of the FEMM Committee and the EP as policy-makers within the area of freedom of movement and migration.

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