In this chapter we adopt a comparative cross-national perspective by focussing on the social security and employment rights of migrant care workers in three welfare states – the UK, Israel and Italy. We look at how the transnational context, the national institutional context (the long-term care [LTC] system including its ‘logic of care’, migration policies, the social security system) and migrants’ individual factors interact in shaping the employment and migration status of migrant care workers and subsequently their employment and social security rights. The analysis suggests that a shared ‘logic of care’ is the common institutional denominator that may explain the precariousness of migrant care work that was found in all the countries studied. Additionally, due to the temporary nature of the work and to the high degree of informal working regulations, migrant workers tend to be not recognized as ‘full citizens’ in the hosting countries, and thus have limited access to citizen rights, including working rights.
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