Moving Beyond Barriers
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Moving Beyond Barriers

Prospects for EU Citizenship

Edited by Sandra Seubert, Marcel Hoogenboom, Trudie Knijn, Sybe de Vries and Frans van Waarden

This book identifies, analyses and compares a variety of possible ‘barriers’ to the exercise of European citizenship and discusses ways to move beyond these barriers. It contributes in a multi-disciplinary way to a highly topical issue and offers new perspectives on EU citizenship in the sense that it critically analyses concepts of citizenship, the way EU citizenship is politically, legally and socially institutionalized, and elaborates alternatives to the current paths of realizing EU citizenship.
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Chapter 12: Insider/outsider: categorical rivalries?

Bridget Anderson, Vedrana Baričević, Isabel Shutes and Sarah Walker


This chapter addresses the shifting boundaries and barriers between Insiders and Outsiders and the consequences for citizenship. It examines the possibilities for escaping from a logic that presents Insiders (citizens) and Outsiders (migrants) as competitors for the privileges of membership in the state of residence. EU citizen status is taken as a lens, which reveals shared practical interests and offers new conceptual insights. The chapter outlines how citizenship, and relatedly the foreigner/migrant, is understood, its relationship to deservingness, and the community of value. It examines naturalisation – how migrants are made into citizens – as exemplifying the normative ways in which the boundary between the Insider and the Outsider is porous and can also be ethnic. Citizenship has an instrumental and normative value, highlighted by EU citizenship exposing the ways in which national EU citizens are an important form of social capital. Attempts to harden Insider/Outsider boundaries are discussed, such as investor citizenship programmes and membership of a diaspora. The chapter also examines the ways in which Insiders can become Outsiders, considering the valuing of the worker-citizen that creates boundaries within the legal citizenship status, and suggests that what is bad for non-citizens/migrants is not necessarily good for citizens.

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