Torture (and its attendant crimes and illegalities) lies at the intersection of various areas of law, domestic crime, international law, human rights law of both natures, as well as international and transnational criminal law. It is important when dealing with the various categories into which torture falls, not to treat them as one and the same, whilst understanding their overlaps. The Chapter will therefore seek to explain the various forms in which torture is dealt with in criminal law. It will focus on the definition of Torture in the transnational criminal law sphere, as identified in the 1984 United National Convention Against Torture as well as the extent to which torture amounts to the core international crimes, especially genocide, crimes against humanity and war crimes. It will emphasize the links, and disjunctures between these regimes, which nonetheless make up the overarching framework that relates to international law, crime, and torture.
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