Chapter 12: The challenge of bringing transnational corporations to justice for environmental damage: a case study of Texaco Oil Company and Chevron vs Lago Agrio Plaintiffs
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This chapter aims to demonstrate how alternative forums that TNCs have to uphold their rights prevent the effective enforcement of environmental decisions at the national and international levels. The chapter addresses the class action lawsuit against Texaco filed by Ecuadorian villagers and indigenous communities in US federal courts, the suit against Chevron-Texaco before Ecuadorian courts, the development of legal procedures before Argentinian and Canadian courts, the impossibility to enforce Ecuadorian judgment in foreign jurisdictions, and the arbitration proceedings instituted by Chevron Corporation and Texaco Oil Company against Ecuador before international courts.

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Edited by Christina Voigt and Zen Makuch
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